There are four fundamental stitches forming the diversity of weft knits: knit stitch, purl stitch, float stitch and tuck stitch. The three basic single weft knits are jersey, rib and purl, which are composed of all knit stitches or of knit and purl stitch.
What is the basic structure of weft?
Weft knitting is a method of forming a fabric in which the loops are made in horizontal way from a single yarn and intermeshing of loops take place in a circular or flat form on a crosswise basis. In this method each weft thread is fed, more or less, at right-angle to direction in which fabric is formed.
What is weft knitting?
: a knit fabric produced in machine or hand knitting with the yarns running crosswise or in a circle — compare warp knit.
How is a weft knit made?
Weft knitting is when yarn runs horizontally, from side to side, across the width of the fabric. Fabric begins to form by manipulating the knitting needles to create loops horizontally that build on top of each other (see picture). This one continuous thread makes the fabric creates an incredibly elastic fabric.
What is the supply of yarn in weft knitting?
In the least complicated of these machines, yarn is supplied from one package, each needle picking up the yarn once per revolution of the cylinder. Modern machines may have as many as 100 feeders, allowing each needle to pick up 100 threads per revolution.
What is the basic knit structure?
Knitted structures are composed of interlocking yarn loops with an anisotropic structure. … Yarn loops can move across each other in the structure, and knitted fabrics are elastic and easy to shape. Lines of tying knots of weft-and-warp-knitted fabrics are perpendicular to each other.
What are the primary base structures in weft knitting?
Four primary base weft knitted structures–plain, rib, interlock and purl–are the base structures from which all weft knitted fabrics and garments are derived. Each is composed of a different combination of face and reverse meshed stitches, knitted on a particular arrangement of needle beds.
Why it is called weft knitting?
Weft knitting is a knitted piece of fabric where the stitches run from left to right horizontally across the fabric. It is usually knitted with one piece of yarn, and can be made either by hand or using a knitting machine. … The knitting machine was invented to speed up the manufacturing process of knitted products.
Which is stronger warp or weft?
Warps yarns are stronger compared to weft yarns. During the weaving warps are held under high tension, moves up and down for shed formation. Warp yarns are finer than weft yarns.
What are the advantages of weft knit fabrics?
Weft Knitting can be used to produce very narrow fabrics, further reducing costs to trial out unique materials or applications. Processing times are generally short and are easily scaled between short, one-off trials and mass production.
What is the difference between warp and weft knits?
Warp knitting differs from weft knitting, basically in that each needle loops has its own thread. … In warp knitting the needles produce parallel rows of loops simultaneously that are interlocked in a zigzag pattern, while in weft knitting the needles produces loops in the widthwise direction of the fabric.
Which direction has the most stretch in a weft knit?
The crosswise loops are called courses. They form a row of loops that run across the fabric. Usually the greatest stretch in a knit fabric is in the crosswise direction. However, it is always important to test or check the stretch in a knit before purchasing.
Is tricot warp or weft knit?
Tricot is a warp-knit fabric. This means it has continuous lengthwise columns of loops. Warp knitting differs from weft knitting by having each needle loop its own thread. The needles produce parallel rows of loops that create the interlocked zigzag pattern seen below.
Is weaving faster than knitting?
Knitting is faster than braiding, but slower than weaving or twisting. Unlike weaving, braiding and twisting, knitting does not require the use of special yarn packages. … Some machines can knit wire up to 20-30 mm/s. There are two types of knitting: warp and weft (see “Knitting Glossary,” below).
What type of knitting is expensive?
It provides the fastest and most cost-effective production method for knitted fabrics and essentially simple structures can be achieved, e.g. double jersey, rib structures, tuck and miss stitches. Garment assembly using circular knitted fabric is called ‘full cut and sew’.
What is Rachel fabric?
A FABRIC MADE BY RASCHEL KNITTING. Tricot is characterized by fine, vertical wales on the surface and crosswise ribs on the back. It has good draping qualities and is frequently used for lingerie and as backing for laminated fabric.