It is simply the horizontal space (left to right) that a stitch takes up between needle entries in your fabric. When you sew zigzag or decorative stitches, your machine uses both stitch length and stitch width to make magic!
What is stitch length?
Stitch length is basically how long each stitch is sewn by your sewing machine. Changing the stitch length adjusts the feed dogs, which controls how much fabric is pulled through with each stitch. For a shorter length, less fabric is pulled through. For a longer stitch, more fabric is pulled through.
What does stitch width mean?
The stitch width is how wide each stitch can be made, from a narrow stitch to a wide stitch. The stitch width adjustment gives the machine the ability to go from a straight line stitch to a zigzag stitch. Stitch Width. The stitch length determines how much fabric is fed under the presser foot.
What is the normal stitch width?
The average stitch length is 2.5mm. This is the typical setting on newer sewing machines. Older machines usually give you a range of about 4 to 60 which tells you how many stitches per inch; the equivalent of 2.5mm is about 10-12 stitches per inch. The smaller the stitch length number, the smaller the stitch.
What is the best stitch length for sewing a straight stitch?
Set the machine for straight stitch, with a stitch length of 3 to 3.5mm. Use a SINGER Topstitching Needle, size 90/14 for medium weight fabrics, or a SINGER Topstitching needle, size 100/16 for heavier fabrics. Sew 1/4″ – 3/8″ from the edge of the fabric.
Why are my stitches not straight?
If your thread is pulled tight on the underside and not forming an even stitch then (counter-intuitively) it’s usually the top thread tension that’s wrong. Sometimes very lightweight fabrics such as sheers can get dragged down into the machine so it’s a good idea to use a straight stitch plate.
What is stitch width control?
Stitch width is a key factor with zigzag and decorative stitches. It is simply the horizontal space (left to right) that a stitch takes up between needle entries in your fabric. When you sew zigzag or decorative stitches, your machine uses both stitch length and stitch width to make magic!
How do you change the width of a stitch?
Adjusting the stitch width (For models equipped with the stitch width dial)
- Raise the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) so that the mark on the wheel points up.
- Turn the stitch width dial to adjust the stitch width that you want to sew.
What sets the width of the zigzag stitch?
You will need to set the length of the stitch on 0.0 so it doesn’t move but rather goes back and forth in the one place. The width will depend on the distance between the holes in the top of the button. Most machines have a special foot to sew buttons with an open toe so the needle does not hit the sides.
How long can a straight stitch be?
On most machines the straight stitch length can be adjusted from zero (stitching in one place without moving the fabric) to up to 6mm long. When sewing seams, use a straight stitch 2mm to 2.5mm long, depending on the fabric. A shorter stitch length is used on lightweight fabrics that tend to pucker.
Why are my sewing stitches gathering?
The thread tension is too tight
Sewn with longer seams when stretched, the thread gathers the fabric, leading to a puckered seam. When re-sewing the part, readjust the thread tension. A high tension may stretch the thread when sewing and cause seam puckering afterwards.
What tension should my sewing machine be on?
The dial settings run from 0 to 9, so 4.5 is generally the ‘default’ position for normal straight-stitch sewing. This should be suitable for most fabrics. If you are doing a zig-zag stitch, or another stitch that has width, then you may find that the bobbin thread is pulled through to the top.
What does a straight stitch look like?
A straight stitch is a strong stitch that’s straight with a thread on top (the upper thread) and a thread on the bottom (the bobbin thread), with the threads interlocking at regular intervals. … When a straight stitch is puckering your fabric, it can usually be resolved by lengthening the stitch length.
What does a good straight stitch look like?
When it’s just right, your stitch will look like the one in the middle. The one on the left is too tight, causing the fabric to pucker, while the one on the right is too loose, making the stitches loopy. Here’s the same stitch on the underside of the fabric.